Tuesday, October 9, 2012

Mansehra District

Mansehra
Mansehra
Mansehra District is located in Hazara Division N.W.F.P or KPK Province of Pakistan. After Swat District Mansehra is the Second most beautiful city of Pakistan.
Mansehra is a major stop for tourists on the Karakoram Highway which leads to China for trade or other interests. It is also a major transit point to the tourist’s of northern areas such as the Tehsil Balakot, Batrasi, Atter Shisha, Sireepay Kaghan Valley, Naran valley, Shogran valley, Lake Saif-ul- Malook ,Babusar Top, Ansu Lake. 
Hazara
Hazara is a Division of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa or N.W.F.P province of Pakistan. It comprises six districts: Abbottabad District, Battagram District, Haripur District, Kohistan District, Kala Dhaka orTor Ghar District and Mansehra District.

Description

Hazara Division 1970-2000
On the dissolution of West Pakistan in 1970, Hazara District and the two tribal agencies were merged to form the new Hazara Division with its capital at Abbottabad. The division was initially composed of three districts (Abbottabad, Kohistan and Mansehra) but within a few years, Haripur district was spun off from Abbottabad District and Battagram District was spun off from Mansehra District.
The Stunning Paya as seen from Makra Peak Kaghan Valley
Hazara
Hazara remained a District right up to its conversion into a Division in 1976. In October 1976, Mansehra was given the status of a fully fledged District, which consisted of Mansehra and Battagram Tehsil. Subsequently in July 1991, Haripur Tehsil was separated from Abbottabad and made into a District. Thus only the old Tehsil of Abbottabad remained, which was declared as Abbottabad District.
In 2000, administrative divisions were abolished and the fourth tier districts were raised to become the new third tier of government in Pakistan.

History
The Mansehra name comes from Maharaja Man Singh who was the emperor of Mansehra & A famous character of History.
The area of Mansehra has been under the rule of various emperors and governments, Alexander, Ashoka, Afghans Kabul, the Turks and the British’s at last.

Language

Hindko is the primary language of Mansehra, Other languages spoken include Pashto, kohistani, Pahari, Majhi, and Urdu is the predominant languages of the city.

Rivers
Kunhaar River
The famous river is the Kunhaar River,or (Kunnar) is called in local Hindko language. The river runs through with naran road which is gateway to the Kaghan Valley in tehsil Balakot.Another Siran is a largest river in the area of Pakhhal tehsil Mansehra it comes from mountain Musa Da Masalla (Hindko Word) & falls in Tarbela Dam.

Bowl shape lake by ilostapple
Culture
In the village of Gandian, a town named Chitti Gatti, there is an old temple or (Maunder) dedicated to Shiva, and probably one of the oldest Shiva Lingas in the region.
The locality of Barrie mountain  is near to Mansehra main vehicle stop ( Lari Adda ) , Hindus from the vicinity, to the number of about 400, assemble at the top of Bareri hill to worship Devi (as Durga)and to present offerings, which are taken by a Brahmin of Mansehra.

Agriculture
The lack of irrigation facilities in the district has affected the productivity of the soil in spite of its fertility.  Total area of the district is 10,67,291 acres out of which 2,58,999 acres is cultivated and 8,08,292 acres is uncultivated. Irrigated land is 48,571 acres only. Thus the land prove not much productive. Cultivation mainly depends on seasonal rainfall. The soil of Pakhali plain is very fertile and productive due to irrigation facilities.

Lake saif ul Malook
Lake Saif Ul Malook
    The mentionable crops of Mansehra are wheat (total area 43,412 hectares which produced 67,735 tons in 1991), maize (total area 76,606 hectares, produced 1,19,615 tones), rice (total area 6,203 hectare which produced 13,236 tons), tobacco (total area1,345 hectares with production of 5,4344 tones), rape seed and mustard (total area 959 hectares with production of 467 tones), barley and fodder (total area 3,358 hectares, produced 79,511 tons), vegetables, soyabean and pulses (total area 1,288 hectares which produced 5,601 tons during 1991). Tea growing experiments have also been done at Ahal, Shinkiari, Ichrian and Baffa due to a suitable climate and congenial condition. These experiments proved successful. Fruit orchards are also a source of income especially apple which are available in numerous varieties. Mansehra can be considered the California of Pakistan because all types of fruits such as temperate, tropical and sub-tropical can be grown.


Tribes
Mansehra is home to a diverse group of people: Swatis, Dhund Abbasi, Gujjars, Syeds, Awans, Rajputs, Kashmir’s, Maliars, Bangash, Yousufzais, Tanolis, Hassanzai, Qureshi, Karlugh Turks, Afghan refugees and many other ethnic groups

Literacy
Mansehra
Hazara University
Hazara University is the major symbol of education in Mansehra. It is very near to Baffa, Shinkiari. Mansehra is located in N.W.F.P province with a literacy rate of 35.41%., in comparison, where Capital Islamabad leads the nation with an 82.4% literacy rate. Pakistan as a whole has literacy rate of 45.92%.

First Education Intuitions of Mansehra
First primary schools in Mansehra district were established in village Behali (1872), Baffa (1874) & subsequently in Mansehra town in 1892. Nawansheer and Sherwan in Mansehra also had primary schools con-temporarily (1870s).

Administration
During Bhutto's regime Mansehra was upgraded to a district, containing two subdivisions: Mansehra and Battagram. Later, the Mansehra district had the Balakot subdivision added to it. Later it was Gen Perviz Mushraf s Government when Alhai & Battagram was separated to form a new district in Hazara Division, Finally Current Government separated Tehsil Kala Dhaka into 6th district of Hazara Division & renamed in Pashto pronunciations Tor Ghar (Black Mountain).   
Mansehra
Mericle in Mansehra

The district consists of three tehsil, which are divided into 60 Union Councils.
1.      Mansehra
2.      Balakot
3.      Oghi

Union Councils & towns of Tehsil Mansehra
The city of Mansehra is administratively divided into Thirty three Union Councils.                 
Mansehra urban No 1 ,Mansehra Urban No 2, Mansehra Urban No 3 ,Mansehra Urban No 4, Mansehra Rural, Shinkiari , Shoukatabad , Sum Alahi Mong ,Swan Miara ,Ganda ,Trangi Sabir Shah, Panjool Nawazabad ,Perhinna  ,Phulrraa ,Morbuffa Klan,Morbuffa Khurd ,Bandi, Blahag Bala ,Blahag Pain, Sacha Kalan ,Baffa Town, Battal, Behali, Belian, Bherkund ,Bhogerr Mong , Chater Plain , Datta, Devli Jaberr, Dhodial , Hamsherian, Hilkot, Icherrian, Inayat Abad, Jaborri, Jaloo, Labarkot, Lassan Nawab, Lassan Thakral ,Malik Pur

Union Councils & towns of Tehsil Balakot
Balakot Tehsil consists of 16 Union Councils:
Atter Shisha ,Balakot sher, Garhi Habibullah ,Garlat, Ghanool, Hangrai ,Kaghan, Karnol  Kewal, Laber Kot, Mohandri , Pairan ,Sandasar ,Satbani, Shohal Mazullah, Talhata

Union Councils & towns of Tehsil Oghi
Naran
Jalkhud
Tehsil Oghi consists of Eleven Union Councils:
Darband ,Karori,Nika Pani , Shergarh, Shinayah, Shungli Bandi, Ballian, Dalbori ,Kathai, Oghi, Shamdara

Constituencies
The district is represented in the National Assembly of Pakistan by two elected MNAs.
 Sardar Muhammad Yousaf              MNA-20 (Mansehra-1)
Cap (R) Muhammad Safdar Awan   MNA-21 (Mansehra-2)

The district is represented in the provincial assembly by six elected MPAs,
Sardar Zahoor Ahmed,    (MPA PF-53 Mansehra-1)
Mian Zian Ur Rehman ,   (MPA PF-54 Mansehra-2)
Saleh Muhammad,           (MPA PF-55 Mansehra-3)
Wajeh Uz Zaman Khan,   (MPA PF-56 Mansehra-4)
Al Hajj Ibrar Hussain ,     (MPA PF-57 Mansehra-5)
Zareen Gul,                        (MPA PF-58 Mansehra-6)

Famous Personalities:-

Mansehra
Kaghan Valley
·        Mufti Muneeb-Ur-Rehman, Chairman, Central Roet-e-Hilal Committee, Pakistan.
·        Ishtiaq Ahmed Khan, Secretary Election Commission of Pakistan.
·        Chaudary Muhammad Aslam (Late) S.S.P C.I.D Karachi.
·        Muhammad Shafique Tanoli (SHO) Karachi.

Travel Guide of Mansehra
Distances From
Distance To
Distance
Mansehra
50KM
 30KM
 Mansehra
 122KM
 Shogran
 SriPaya
 0.60KM
 Kaghan
 59KM
 78KM
 Naran
 SaifulMuluk
 07KM
 Naran
 Lalazar
 18KM
 Naran
 Lulusar
 52KM
 Naran
 Babusar Top

 64KM                      





 Height above sea level different points of Mansehra

Area
Height above sea level
Saif-ul-Muluk
 10600 FT
 Loolosar
 11300 FT
 Makra
 11655 FT
 Manwar Gali
 11814 FT
 Moosa Musalla
 12225 FT
 Babusar Top
 13300 FT
 Babusar Pass
 13300 FT
 Malka-e-parbat
 17600 FT
 3226 FT
Kaghan
 6114 FT
 7200 FT
 Sharan
 7200 FT
Naran
 7800 FT
Kund Bangla
 8200 FT
Mansehra City
2550 FT


What Not to Do
Do not Photograph bridges and military installations,
Do not swim in the rivers
Do not Travel without your passport and other travel documents in the Northern Areas.
Do not Photograph local women without his permission
Do not Drive on mountain roads at night.

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