|Culture of Punjab Province Pakistan|
Culture of Punjab Province Pakistan
Punjab Province is the largest state of Pakistan and is situated on the western side of the country. With an area of 39,735 km2, Punjab has a total population of 1.4 billion people and is considered as the most populous province of the Republic of Pakistan. As per 2001 census Pahari has a diverse and rich culture and is one of the oldest settlements in South Asia, having formed as a settlement between 4500 BCE and 1800 CE. From 900 B.C., during the rule of the Chittorgarians, Pahari becomes the dominant center of trade from Central Asian steppes and Indian subcontinent. The history of Pahari began with Babur in 1547 A.D. under the rule of Sher Shah Suri, the founder of Panipat Empire and then continued under the ruling dynasty of Humayun until 1947 when it became autonomous. At present, the territory covers almost 80% of the entire Punjab province and consists of 21 district councils. These districts include Chandigarh- Sirsa, Ferozepur (Faisalabad), Mansa (Mansabai), Phagwara (Tarn Taran), Larkana, Bathinda, Jalandhar, Barnala, Narowal, Sangrur, Amritsar, Channau and Buner. Further, many smaller cities like Kalimpong (Kapurthala), Tando Muhammad Nagar, Agra, Dhul Khoda and Bhilkhota (Shogran), Umerkot, Chaman (Chaman), and Pathankot respectively also form a part of South Punjab. Moreover, some of the major rivers in Punjab are the Ravi, Pala, Mansehra, Sutlej and Sui. It is estimated that about 12% of India’s population live in Punjab Province and majority of the population are Sikhs followed by Hindus. Other ethnic groups are Gujjars (8.1%), Hindkoos (2.9%) and Sindhis (2.9%). Punjab is home to several temples like Guru Granth Sahib Temple, Holy Trinity Church and Darbhanga temple. Other places where religious festivals are celebrated are Fatehpur Sikri, Dera Baol and Qila Durand House among others. Here, we look at the culture of Punjab province including their traditions, rituals and cuisines.
Culture of Punjab Province Pakistan. The province of Pahari has a long history that dates back thousands years to its inception in the era of Mahmud of Ghazni who ruled Ghazni and it is also known as the land of Sindh, a princely state which was later conquered by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. It is said that Mughal empire had built two mosques in the region namely Gokhale Mosque built along Karakoram Highway and the other one constructed at Sargodha. On top of this, he added four mosques called Badshahi mosque, Sufi shrine house of Jahangir, Shuhada tomb of Moghanmara, and Nakhun Sahib complex located in Kallar Syar Khanwala. In addition, several historic monuments, such as Jamia Masjid and Firdausi Mosque have been established in the area over time. There are many different religions in these regions like Sikhism, Islam, Hinduism among others. Sikhs came from India when they first settled in Punjab while Muslims were brought from Egypt, Persian Gulf, Yemen and India by the British.
Situated on the banks of river Sutlej in Balochistan and the northern part of South Asia. This capital city houses an old historical fort-like structure called Bahawalpur Fort complex and it acts as the headquarters of the chief minister for the provincial government of South Punjab. Apart from being the headquarter of the chief minister, Mohali is also known as the ‘City of Lights’ owing to numerous bright lights in the area. Many museums on different topics such as architecture, art, music, film, literature, ancient monuments, Islamic studies, cultural heritage and more. One of the famous archaeological sites situated near the fort complex is “Shigrani Mandir”; here the remains of Hindu temple built in the 16th century during the reign of Emperor Akbar were discovered by Alexander von Humboldt in 1850s. Another place of interest is the Indus Valley Civilization Museum. It was opened in 2002, it had huge potential to serve as a centre of learning in archaeology, archeology and world culture. Other than this one museum, there are other small but good museums across Punjab like Punjab Archaeological Museum, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Archaeological Park National Museum, Punjabi Cultural Centre, Patiala District (P) Museum etc.
Rites and Rituals