Faisalabad District and Division Punjab Province of Pakistan formerly known as Lyallpur, is the third largest metropolis in Pakistan, the second largest in the province of Punjab after Lahore, and a major industrial center in the heart of Pakistan.
Nicknamed the Manchester of Asia, Faisalabad remains an important industrial city west of Lahore. 
The Faisalabad district is surrounded on the North and West by Hafizabad, Jhang and Toba Tek Singh districts respectively. In the East it touches Sheikhupura and in the South it is bounded by river Ravi, across which lies Okara.

Chowk Ghanta Ghar Faisalabad District and Division Punjab Province of Pakistan
Chowk Ghanta Ghar Faisalabad District and Division Punjab Province of Pakistan

Administrative Distribution
The district spreads over an area of 5856 Square kilometer comprising of following six tehsils
Faisalabad City, Faisalabad Sadar, Samundri, Jaranwala, Tandlianwala, Chak Jhumra
The climate of the district touches two extremes. The maximum temperature in summer reaches up to 50°C (122°F). In winter, it may, at times falls below freezing point. The mean maximum and minimum temperature in summer are 39°C and 27°C respectively and in winter, 21°C and 6°C respectively. The summer season starts from April and continues till October. May, June and July are the hottest months. The winter season, on the other hand, starts from November and continues till March. December, January and February are the coldest months.
Faisalabad University Faisalabad District and Division Punjab Province of Pakistan
Faisalabad University Faisalabad District and Division Punjab Province of Pakistan

The soil is fertile but some areas are affected by salinity and water logging. Major crops and fruits of district Faisalabad are wheat, sugarcane, rice, maize, citrus, guava and mangoes. A variety of vegetables are also grown in the district.

Education
Faisalabad city has the distinction of being a seat of world famous Agricultural University and equally renowned Agricultural Research Institute, Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB) and National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (NIBGE). Besides the Punjab Medical College there are several other professional Universities and Colleges like Hamadard University Faisalabad Campus, University of Faisalabad, Commerce College, Textile College, Poly Technical College, Superior Science College and many others.
Pahari Ground Faisalabad District and Division Punjab Province of Pakistan
Pahari Ground Faisalabad District and Division Punjab Province of Pakistan

History

A tiny town founded only to act as an agricultural market/mandi has now grown into a giant size metropolitan city, which enjoys third position in the country, as far as population and industrial growth is concerned. The present Faisalabad district came into existence in 1904 as Lyallpur district. Earlier, it was a Tehsil of Jhang district. During the later part of the 19th century, the Government of India initiated a great system of artificial irrigation through construction of canals.

The area of Faisalabad district was part of three districts via Gujranwala, Jhang and Sahiwal. This area was located between river Ravi and River Chenab and formed part of Rachna Doab. The name Lyallpur was given with a view to pay tribute to Sir James Lyall, Lt. Governor of Punjab, for his services rendered in colonization of the lower Chenab valley.

The design of the town was prepared by Captain Pophan Young C.I.E, a colonization officer. In 1896, Lyallpur tehsil comprised of Gujranwala, Jhang and Sahiwal and was under the administrative control of district Jhang.

Motor Industry Faisalabad District and Division Punjab Province of Pakistan
Motor Industry Faisalabad District and Division Punjab Province of Pakistan

Industry

Faisalabad district has made rapid strides in the field of industry after independence. It is now called the “Manchester of Asia” for its extensive development of textile industry. This development has been made possible by the continued efforts of pioneering entrepreneurs as well as workers over a period of four decades. Before independence, there were only five industrial units in Faisalabad City (then Layallpur).
Now, there are dozens of textile mills with other subsidiary units. Roughly, there are 512 large industrial units out of which 328 are Textile units, 92 engineering units and 92 of chemicals and food processing units. Other industries include hosiery, carpet and rugs, nawar and lace, printing and publishing and pharmaceutical products etc. There are also some 12000 house-hold industries, which include some 60000 power loom factories.
Govt College Faisalabad District and Division Punjab Province of Pakistan
Govt College Faisalabad District and Division Punjab Province of Pakistan

Industrial Policy
Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government.

No prior Government sanction is required for establishment of an industry outside Ex-Municipal Territorial Limit of Town Committee/Municipal Corporation irrespective of its cost and size except the following:
·         Arms & Ammunition
·         Security Printing Currency & Mint
·         High Explosives
·         Radio Active Substances
·         Alcoholic Beverages or Liquors
·         Cotton Ginning Industry
·         Flour Mills
Brief History of Industrial Development
In 1947 there were 4 big Floor Mills, one Textile Mill, 12 Ginning units and 6 Engineering units. A few other industrial units also existed at that time. After independence, the large-scale migration of population, which included skilled workers and entrepreneurs, adversely affected the industrial set up. The government support also encouraged the entrepreneurs considerably, which resulted in rapid industrialization mostly in the textile sector.
Iqbal Niaz Stadium Faisalabad District and Division Punjab Province of Pakistan
Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad District and Division Punjab Province of Pakistan

Industrial Estate Faisalabad
an Industrial estate on Sargodha Road has been developed by Punjab Small Industrial Corporations (PSIC) over as area of 244 acres. Establishment of Industry in the estate is highly convenient because of availability of all the infra-structure through the PSIC.

Industrial/Business Association
Faisalabad Chamber of Commerce and Industry is a very strong and recognized chamber, which functions for the improvement and betterment of the business and industrialists community. The Chamber also gives suggestions to Federal Finance, Commerce Ministry, Provincial Finance, Excise and Taxation Ministry and Central Board of Revenue in formulating budget proposals or tax recovery proposals.
Besides Faisalabad Chamber of Commerce and Industry, there are number of other industrial associations each related to different sector of Industry or business. The role of these associations is similar to the role of Chamber but restricted to the sector concerned and relatively confined to lower tiers of the government.
Paradis Valley Faisalabad District and Division Punjab Province of Pakistan
Paradis Valley Faisalabad District and Division Punjab Province of Pakistan

Natural Resources

The river Ravi flows on the Eastern and the Chenab on the Western boundary of the district. No other river passes through it. Floods caused by the over flow of Ravi on account of heavy rains in its catchment areas during the Monsoon, are re-current feature. These floods caused extensive damage to crops and villages periodically.
The wild life of this district includes Foxes, Pigs, and Jackals & Wild Cats. Among the birds, Partridge, Pigeon, Dove, Tilliar, Lal Mena, Bias, Parrot, Quail, Pochard, Mallard, Teal, etc. are and in the district.

Climate
The climate of the district touches two extremes. The maximum temperature in summer reaches upto 50°C or 122°F. In winter, it may, at times. fall below the freezing point. The mean maximum and minimum temperature in summer are 39 and 27°C respectively and in winter, 21 and 6°C respectively. The summer season starts from April and continues till October. May, June and July are the hottest months. The winter season, on the other hand, starts from November and continues till March. December, January and February are the coldest months.

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