Gwadar District of Baluchistan Province of Pakistan 

Gwadar is a district along the sea in south of the Makran. The coastline of Gwadar District is about 600 Kilometers long. Gwadar was notified as a District in July, 1977

Gwadar District of Baluchistan Province of Pakistan
Gwadar District

with its headquarter at Gwadar Town. Previously it used to be a part of Makran District.It is bounded on the North by Kech and Awaran District. On the East by Lasbela District, on the south by the Arabia Sea and on the West by Iran. Total area of the district is 12,637 square kilometers. The district comprises of Gwadar and Pasni Sub-divisions:


Gwadar has incredible ferry projects for Karachi, Iran, Oman and the other Gulf states. GDA intends to involve private partners who are looking for investment offers to get the project moving. German businesses are encouraged to research potential commercial opportunities”, he added. He also drew German diplomats’ attention to the upcoming fortunes of free economic zones and the central business district, which are enticed with tax breaks and lucrative investment opportunities.

Director General of Gwadar Development Authority (GDA), Mujeeb ur Rehman Qambrani discussed the progress of the New Gwadar International Airport (NGIA), which is expected to be completed next year, saying that the new airport will be a high-octane boost for investors and businessmen as more airways materialize.

Physical Features of Gwadar District of Baluchistan Province

The coastline of Gwadar District extends in an east-west direction and it is almost entirely desert. The elevation of Makran coast range is up to about 1000 meters above the sea level. In Gwadar District, soil is of two types: alluvial soil and litho sols and rig sols. The Valley of Dasht River in the western part of the district and the Kulanch valley in the north consist of alluvial soil. The mountainous area of the district is covered with litho sols and rig sols. Limestone, shale and sandstone are the main rocks involved in the formation of this area.

How to reach Gwadar District of Baluchistan Province

Gwadar is a coastal district of Pakistan and is connected with other parts of the province and the country by air & road. PIA has daily flights from and to different destinations. Gwadar is 650 km from Karachi. Although black top roads are only 58 kilometres long, shingle and earthen roads connect the district to other cities of the country. Buses and pick‐ups ply daily for Karachi, Turbat, Khuzdar, and some other towns of the district including Pasni, Jiwani, Ormara, Suntsar, Pishukan, Sur Bandar, and Nigore. These roads are however difficult to travel. There is one five star hotel and 10 rest houses in the district managed by the provincial as well as federal government departments. Six of these rest houses are at Gwadar. All of the rest houses are well furnished and well kept. There is one old Governor House being used as VIP rest house. Gwadar has a good tourist motel at the beach.

Culture of Gwadar District of Baluchistan Province

Gwadar’s location and history have given it a unique blend of cultures. The legacy of the Omani slave trade is observed in the population by the presence of residents which can trace their descent from the African slaves who were trafficked through the town. The area also has a remarkable religious diversity, being home to not only Muslims, but also to groups of Christians, Hindus and Parsis.

Administrative Setup of Gwadar District of Baluchistan Province

Like any other district in the country, district Gwadar is headed by District Coordination Officer (DCO) assisting Zila Nazim and is accountable to him. DCO, appointed by provincial government from the federal or provincial civil Service, coordinates with Executive District Officers (EDOs), who head each of the twelve district offices including health.
District Gwadar has four Tehsils i.e. Gawadar, Pasni, Jiwani and Ormara. Each tehsil comprises of certain numbers of union councils. There are 13 union councils in district Gwadar with 4 rural and 9 urban.

Demographic Information of Gwadar District of Baluchistan Province

Total population of district Gwadar according to 1998 census is 185,498 Persons with 54% males and 46% females. The annual growth rate of district is 2.99%. Population for 2008 is reported as 249,055. The major Baloch tribes of the district are Kalmati, Raees, Zeno Zai, Poz Hoth and Shehzada.

Religious Beliefs of Gwadar District of Baluchistan Province

The majority of the people of the area are Sunni Muslims. Zikri sect is in minority and they go to Turbat city (in Kech) to practice their religious rituals called ‘Ziarat’. There is also a small number of Agha Khanis called ‘Khojas’ living in the major towns of Gwadar, Pasni and Ormara. The people are generally liberal in their religious beliefs and practices. A large population from Gwadar district lives in Karachi, Iran, Oman and UAE and during the Eid occasion they usually join their families and relatives and celebrate at Gwadar.

Literacy rate of Gwadar District of Baluchistan Province

The overall literacy rate of Gwadar district is 25.47%.

Rivers & Streams of Gwadar District of Baluchistan Province

The important rivers and streams in the district include Shadi Kaur, Swar and Dasth river with its tributaries Nilag and Daddeh.

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