Haripur Beautiful Historic famous city & District is located in Hazara Division KPK Province of Pakistan. Haripur is both a city and a district in the Hazara region of the KPK Province of Pakistan.


The Haripur district is situated at the heart of the ancient Gandhara civilization. At the time of Alexander the region including Taxila was known as “Eastern Gandhara”, with its boundaries reaching as far as Kashmir. Geographically it lies on either side of the Sindu River, (Indus the River Goddess of Rigveda), near the Tarbela Reservoir.
Haripur Beautiful Historic famous city
Haripur Beautiful Historic famous city

Why it is called Haripur

The town of Haripur (meaning ‘Hari’s town’) was founded in 1822 by Hari Singh Nalwa the Commander-in-Chief of Ranjit Singh’s army following advice from Mukkadam Musharaf of Kot Najibullah. The Sikhs annexed Hazara in two stages. First Lower Hazara was annexed when the Sikhs defeated the Afghan army led by Fateh Khan and Dost Mohammad Khan Barakzai and wrested control of Akbar’s fort of Attock in 1813. Upper Hazara suffered a similar fate when the Sikhs took Kashmir from the Barakzai Afghans in 1819.

Turkish Rule

In 1399, the Muslim warrior Taimur, on his return to Kabul, stationed his Turk soldiers in Hazara to protect the important route between Kabul and Kashmir. By 1472, Prince Shahab-ud-Din came from Kabul and established his rule over the region. Prince Shahab-ud-Din, a Turk of central Asian origin and a descendant of Amir Taimur, founded the state and named it Pakhli Sarkar and chose the Gulibagh as his capital.


When Ahmad Shah Durrani expanded his kingdom to Punjab, Hazara also came under his control. Durrani considered it wise to rule the area through local tribal chiefs. The Durranis’ rule ended abruptly in the beginning of the 18th century.

British India

Hari Singh’s name and the presence of his fort at Harkishangarh eventually brought a feeling of security to the region. In 1835, Baron Heugel, a German traveler found only remnants of the four-yard thick and 16 yard high wall built to initially protect the town.
Haripur once bore the official name of Haripur Hazara and was the capital of Hazara until 1853 when the new capital Abbottabad was built, named after Indian Army officer James Abbott, the first deputy commissioner of Hazara (1849–1853).


The District of Haripur was a Tehsil of Abbottabad District until 1992 when it was separated from the District of Abbottabad and made into a district in its own right. Haripur District is divided into three tehsils
  1. Haripur
  2. Ghazi
  3. Khanpur

Haripur District is divided into three tehsils which are subdivided into a total of 44
Union Councils of which 15 are urban Union Councils & 29 are the rural union consils.

Natural Resources

The area is rich in natural resources and holds special significance because of two very important water reservoirs – the Tarbela Dam and Khanpur dam. The biggest mud-made dam, the Tarbel Dam is also situated here on the Indus River. This dam produces 2200 megawatts of electricity to fulfill the country’s energy needs.


This district has high importance from geographical point of view. Because it is known as a gateway between Hazara division and NWFP and other side its boundaries attached with the capital Islamabad.

Boundaries of Haripur

The geographical significance of the district lies in the fact that its boundaries touch Mardan District, a centre of the ancient Gandhara civilization in the North West. Abbottabad District in the north east, Mansehra District in the north, Margallah hills of Islamabad in the south east, Swat valley in the north-west, Buner and Swabi districts in the west. Besides Swabi, Mansehra and Abbottabad districts of NWFP, two districts of Punjab province i.e. Attock and Rawalpindi lie on the southwest and southeast respectively of Haripur district. The Federal Capital Islamabad is also adjacent to the district in the south.


Haripur District has two government funded post graduate colleges, which provide higher level education, as well as four degree colleges for girls which are also funded by the government to provide higher education for girls coming from all over the city. In 2000–2001, Haripur had 907 government primary schools, including 656 for boys and 251 for girls. In addition to government primary schools, 166 mosque schools were also functional in the district during this period.

Mosque schools

Mosque schools were introduced under the National Education Policy in 1979 at the time of Fifth Five-Year Plan (1978–83). Such establishments are organized on the basis of 20–30 students, normally under one PTC teacher and an Imam of the mosque as staff members. They have a shorter teaching program (about four hours a day), the same curriculum as primary schools and also teach Quran-e-Nazira (recitation of the Quran). Students qualifying from such schools are eligible for admission to formal schools for higher education.

Hazara Division

Hazara is a Division of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa or N.W.F.P province of Pakistan. It comprises six districts: Abbottabad District, Battagram District, Haripur District, Kohistan District, Kala Dhaka orTor Ghar District and Mansehra District.
On the dissolution of West Pakistan in 1970, Hazara District and the two tribal agencies were merged to form the new Hazara Division with its capital at Abbottabad. The division was initially composed of three districts (Abbottabad, Kohistan and Mansehra) but within a few years, Haripur district was spun off from Abbottabad District and Battagram District was spun off from Mansehra District.
Hazara remained a District right up to its conversion into a Division in 1976. In October 1976, Mansehra was given the status of a fully fledged District, which consisted of Mansehra and Battagram Tehsil. Subsequently in July 1991, Haripur Tehsil was separated from Abbottabad and made into a District. Thus only the old Tehsil of Abbottabad remained, which was declared as Abbottabad District.
In 2000, administrative divisions were abolished and the fourth tier districts were raised to become the new third tier of government in Pakistan.

The district is represented in the National Assembly of Pakistan by only one elected MNA.

NA – 19 Umer Ayub Khan Pakistan Muslim League (N) 
The district is represented in the provincial assembly by Four elected MPAs,

PF-49 (Haripur-1)
PF-50 (Haripur-2)
PF-51 (Haripur-3)
PF-52 (Haripur-4)

Famouspersonalities from Haripur

1.     Gen Ayub Khan, Ex Army Chief & former President of Pakistan
2.     Gohar Ayub Khan, Former Speaker of National Assembly of Pakistan, Ex-foreign Minister
3.     Umer Ayub Khan , Ex Minister for Finance & Current M N A
4.     Ejaz Ali Khan Durrani, Ex Minister
5.     Sardar Muhammad Mushtaq Khan, EX MNA of Haripur & Ex-MPA and Provisional Minister of NWFP.
6.     Raja Sikinder Zaman, former Caretaker Chief Minister N.W.F.P and Senior Federal and Provincial Minister.
7.     Yousaf Ayub Khan, District Nazim Haripur, a former minister of NWFP Provincial Assembly.
8.     Dr. Raja Amir Zaman, former District Nazim 
9.     Kamran Mehmood of Taloker, Ex National Boxing Champion
10.  Qateel Shifai, Urdu poet
11. Fazil Jamili, poet and journalist

Famous places

Tarbela Dam/Lake.
Khanpur Lake
Baldher, Rehana, the home town of (former president of Pakistan) Field Marshal Ayub Khan,
Mankrai (an old Turkic settlement which is famous for its old ruins also it is my village) and
Sirikot and Beer
The only major railway station of Haripur city is located within the boundaries of Pandak . Kholian bala is a beautiful village. It is surrounded with beautiful hills having pine trees. 


Haripur District is comparatively more industrialized than other districts in the KPK Province. There are many biggest factory units here like Telephone Industries of Pakistan, NRTC (National Radio Telecommunication Corporation), Hazara fertilizers, Razzaq Blanket Industry, Ali Hussain Poltry, Khwaja Children Home, Pak-China fertilizers, Terbela Cotton Mills etc. Furthermore, many small and big industrial factories are made in the Hatar industrial state such as Dewan Salman Fibreand Heavy Electrical Complex. Because of these industries this district is playing an important role at country level in the economic development.
Since Haripur has developed medium and large scale industries, its role in the agricultural field is also important. The district provides fruit and vegetables not only to Peshawar but also to Islamabad and the Punjab. One of the most prominent industries in the Haripur district is known as Cactus Fertilizer (formerly known as Pak-China Fertilizers) which is the largest producer of phosphate fertilizer in Pakistan.


One of the well known places of the district Haripur is Khalabat Town named after a village now under Tarbela Dam or Lake. It is a well planned town with a population of around 35,000 and is located at the bank of Tarbela Lake and is home to those displaced by the Terbela Dam.
3 thoughts on “Haripur Beautiful Historic famous city”
  1. Salam .i want to know the names of all villages which came under the water during the construction of terbela lake ,dam

  2. I have heard that approximqtely 84 villages came under water but i dnt know name. If any one knows plz share thanks

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