Lahore Beautiful Historic city is the capital of Punjab Pakistan and the second largest city in the country. With a rich history dating back over a millennium, Lahore is a main cultural centre of Pakistan. One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Lahore remains an economic, political, transportation, entertainment, and educational hub.
Lahore Beautiful Historic city
Apart from being cultural and academic center of the country, Lahore is the Mughal “show-window” of Pakistan Reminiscence of its hoary past are the remains of a subterranean temple in the northern part of Royal Fort, attributed to Rama, the legendary hero of Ramayana. Lying on the main trade and invasion routes to the South Asia, Lahore has been ruled and plundered by a number of dynasties and hordes. However, it touched the zenith of its glory during the rule of the Mughals. The Mughals, who were famous as builders, gave Lahore some of its finest architectural monuments that are extinct today.
History of Lahore Beautiful Historic City
Rule of the Mughals
|Shalimar garden Lahore District Division Punjab Province of Pakistan|
Five kilometer east of the old city, are the famous Shalimar Gardens laid out by Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan in 1642 A.D. The Gardens are spread out in typical Mughal style and surrounded by high walls with watchtowers at the four corners. Originally, the gardens were spread over seven ascending terraces, but only three remain now which cover an area of about 42 acres. The brickwork of the floors of the three terraces has been repaired according to their original designs which differ on all three terraces. There is a marble pavilion under which water flow and cascades down over a carved, marble slab creating a waterfall effect. Across the water fall is a marble throne.
At the end of the second terrace is a beautiful structure called Sawan Bhadon, a sunken tank with riches on its three sides. Water cascades down from it in sheets in front of the niches, producing the sound of falling rain. In the olden times, oil lamps were placed in the niches which reflected myriad colors, through the water. Shalimar gardens have the privilege of being the stage of all important state reception. Outside its walls, the annual festival or Mela Ghiraghan (Festival of Lamp) is held every March. Special lights on the first and the second terraces of the Gardens have been installed and the area is illuminated half-an-hour after sunset.