Mansehra District, situated in the Hazara Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in Pakistan, holds significant appeal for visitors. Ranked as the second most exquisite city in Pakistan after Swat District, Mansehra attracts numerous tourists, particularly due to its location along the Karakoram Highway. This highway serves as a crucial route for trade and other engagements with China. Moreover, Mansehra serves as a vital transit point for travelers heading towards the captivating northern areas, including Tehsil Balakot, Batrasi, Atter Shisha, Sireepay, Kaghan Valley, Naran Valley, Shogran Valley, Lake Saif-ul-Malook, Babusar Top, and Ansu Lake.
Following the dissolution of West Pakistan in 1970, the Hazara District and two tribal agencies were amalgamated to establish the Hazara Division. The division’s headquarters were set in Abbottabad, and initially, it consisted of three districts: Abbottabad, Kohistan, and Mansehra. However, over time, Haripur district was carved out of Abbottabad District, and Battagram District was separated from Mansehra District.
Initially, Hazara functioned as a district until its elevation to the status of a division in 1976. In October 1976, Mansehra obtained full-fledged district status, encompassing Mansehra and Battagram Tehsil. Then, in July 1991, Haripur Tehsil was detached from Abbottabad and established as a separate district. Consequently, only the original Tehsil of Abbottabad remained, which was designated as Abbottabad District.
In 2000, a reform was implemented, leading to the abolition of administrative divisions. The existing districts at the fourth tier were elevated to become the new third tier of government in Pakistan.
History of Mansehra
Located in the village of Gandian, within the town of Chitti Gatti, there stands an ancient temple, also known as a “Maunder,” dedicated to the deity Shiva. It is believed to house one of the oldest Shiva Lingas in the entire region.
In close proximity to the primary vehicle stop in Mansehra, known as Lari Adda, lies the locality of Barrie Mountain. This mountain holds significance as Hindus from the surrounding areas, totaling around 400 individuals, gather at the summit of Barrie hill to worship the Goddess Devi (in the form of Durga) and offer their devout offerings. These offerings are then received by a Brahmin from Mansehra.
The district faces challenges in terms of inadequate irrigation facilities, which have resulted in reduced soil productivity despite its inherent fertility. The total area of the district spans 1,067,291 acres, with 258,999 acres dedicated to cultivation and 808,292 acres left uncultivated. Only 48,571 acres of land are irrigated, further limiting productivity. As a result, cultivation heavily relies on seasonal rainfall. However, the soil in the Pakhali plain benefits from irrigation facilities, making it exceptionally fertile and conducive to high productivity.
|Lake Saif Ul Malook Mansehra District Hazara Division KPK Pakistan|
Noteworthy crops cultivated in Mansehra include wheat, with a total area of 43,412 hectares that yielded 67,735 tons in 1991. Maize, covering a total area of 76,606 hectares, produced 119,615 tons. Rice was grown on 6,203 hectares of land, resulting in a production of 13,236 tons. Tobacco cultivation encompassed 1,345 hectares, yielding 5,344 tons. Additionally, rape seed and mustard were cultivated on 959 hectares, producing 467 tons. Barley and fodder covered 3,358 hectares, with a total production of 79,511 tons. Vegetables, soybeans, and pulses were grown on 1,288 hectares, resulting in a combined production of 5,601 tons in 1991.
Tea growing experiments
In order to take advantage of the favorable climate and conducive conditions, tea growing experiments have been conducted in Ahal, Shinkiari, Ichrian, and Baffa, all of which have shown successful results. Fruit orchards also contribute significantly to the region’s income, with apple orchards being particularly prominent, offering a wide variety of apple types. Mansehra can be likened to the California of Pakistan due to its capability to cultivate a diverse range of fruits, including temperate, tropical, and sub-tropical varieties.
Mansehra accommodates a rich tapestry of individuals belonging to various ethnic backgrounds, including Swatis, Dhund Abbasi, Gujjars, Syeds, Awans, Rajputs, Kashmiris, Maliars, Bangash, Yousufzais, Tanolis, Hassanzai, Qureshis, Karlugh Turks, Afghan refugees, and numerous other ethnic groups.
Hazara University stands as a prominent educational institution in Mansehra, serving as a significant symbol of education in the region. It is conveniently situated in close proximity to Baffa and Shinkiari. Mansehra itself is located in the province of N.W.F.P (formerly known as Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) with a literacy rate of 35.41%. In contrast, the capital city of Islamabad leads the nation with an impressive literacy rate of 82.4%. When considering Pakistan as a whole, the country maintains a literacy rate of 45.92%.
The earliest primary schools in the Mansehra district were founded in the villages of Behali (1872) and Baffa (1874). Subsequently, in 1892, a primary school was established in the town of Mansehra. Additionally, Nawansheer and Sherwan in Mansehra also had contemporaneous primary schools during the 1870s.
Under the administration of Prime Minister Bhutto, Mansehra was elevated to the status of a district, encompassing two subdivisions: Mansehra and Battagram. Subsequently, the Balakot subdivision was added to the Mansehra district. During the government of General Pervez Musharraf, Alhai and Battagram were separated from the district to form a new district within the Hazara Division. Finally, under the current government, the Tehsil Kala Dhaka was detached from Mansehra and established as the 6th district of the Hazara Division, renamed as Tor Ghar in accordance with Pashto pronunciations, which translates to “Black Mountain.”
The district comprises three tehsils, each of which is subdivided into a total of 60 Union Councils. These tehsils are:
Union Councils & towns of Tehsil Mansehra
The city of Mansehra is administratively divided into Thirty three Union Councils. Mansehra urban No 1 ,Mansehra Urban No 2, Mansehra Urban No 3 ,Mansehra Urban No 4, Mansehra Rural, Shinkiari , Shoukatabad , Sum Alahi Mong ,Swan Miara ,Ganda ,Trangi Sabir Shah, Panjool Nawazabad ,Perhinna ,Phulrraa ,Morbuffa Klan,Morbuffa Khurd ,Bandi, Blahag Bala ,Blahag Pain, Sacha Kalan ,Baffa Town, Battal, Behali, Belian, Bherkund ,Bhogerr Mong , Chater Plain , Datta, Devli Jaberr, Dhodial , Hamsherian, Hilkot, Icherrian, Inayat Abad, Jaborri, Jaloo, Labarkot, Lassan Nawab, Lassan Thakral ,Malik Pur
Union Councils & towns of Tehsil Balakot
Union Councils & towns of Tehsil Oghi
Tehsil Oghi consists of Eleven Union Councils:
Travel Guide of Mansehra
Height above sea level
What Not to Do